Rudolf Carnap Bibliography Maker

On By In 1

Rudolf Carnap

Rudolf Carnap and his colleagues in the Vienna Circle added very little of lasting value to either science or philosophy with their strong ideas in the philosophy of science. They believed that both subjects were reducible to language and logic. Ludwig Wittgenstein had set the project for the Vienna Circle in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
4.11 The totality of true propositions is the whole of natural science (or the whole corpus of the natural sciences)
In his 1928 book Der Logische Aufbau der Welt, and especially his 1934 work Logische Syntax der Sprache (published in 1937 as The Logical Syntax of Language), Carnap thought that he completed the Wittgenstein project, but with significant differences from some of Wittgenstein's views in the Tractatus. The logical syntax of a language is a set of formal rules. They have nothing to do with the "meaning" of the symbols (for example, the words) or the sequence of expressions (the sentences), but simply and solely to the kinds and order of the symbols from which the expressions are constructed." As logical empiricists or positivists, they were committed to minimal "interpretations" of "reality" itself. Their goal was a "unified science" built up from pointer readings, from physical "observables." They were inspired by the early work on relativity by Albert Einstein, who had been inspired by Ernst Mach's positivism and opposition to metaphysics.

Limiting physics to observables, instead of a preconception about how reality must be, was behind Werner Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Thus we can observe the spectral lines emitted by electrons when they jump from one orbit to another, but we cannot observe the orbiting electrons themselves.

For Carnap, a causal law was simply the fact that events are predictable. Quantum uncertainty put limits on that predictability, and some physicists spoke loosely of "the failure of the principle of causality only because it has become impossible to make predictions with any desired degree of accuracy."

Carnap and the End of Metaphysics


Normal | Teacher | Scholar

(Compiled by Christina Weber)

Books Published in German

:

Der Raum: Ein Beitrag zur Wissenschaftslehre

. Berlin: Reuther & Reichard, 1922.

Physikalische Begriffsbildung

. Karlsruhe in Baden: G. Braun, 1926.

Der logische Aufbau der Welt

. Berlin-Schalchtensee: Weltkreis Verlag, 1928.

Scheinprobleme in der Philosophie

. Berlin-Schlachtensee: Weltkreis Verlag, 1928.

Abriss der Logistik mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Relationstheorie und ihrer

Anwendungen. Vienna: Julius Springer, 1929.

Logische Syntax der Sprache

. Vienna: Julius Springer, 1934.

Induktive Logik und Wahrscheinlichkeit

. Vienna: Julius Springer, 1959.

Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaft

. Munich: Nymphenburger

Verlagshandlung, 1969.

Bedeutung und Notwendigkeit: Eine Studie zur Semantik und modalen Logik

. Vienna: Springer Verlag, 1972.

Grundlagen der Logik und Mathematik

. Munich: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, 1973.

 

Books Published in English

:

The Unity of Science

. Trans. Max Black. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., 1934.

The Logical Syntax of Language

. Trans. Amethe Smeaton. London: Routledge, and Kegan Paul, 1934.

Philosophy and Logical Syntax

. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., 1934.

Foundations of Logic and Mathematics

. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939.

Introduction to Semantics

. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1942.

Formalization of Logic

. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1943.

The Nature and Application of Inductive Logic, Consisting of Six Sections from Logical

Foundations of Probability. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

The Continuum of Inductive Methods

. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Introduction to Symbolic Logic and its Applications

. Trans. William H. Meyer and John Wilkinson. New York: Dover Publications, 1958.

Introduction to Semantics and Formalization of Logic

. Cambridge: Harvard University

Press, 1959.

Meaning and Necessity

. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1947.

Logical Foundations of Probability

. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

Philosophical Foundations of Physics

. New York: Basic Books, 1966.

The Logical Structure of the World-Pseudoproblems in Philosophy

. Trans. Rolf A. George. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Two Essays on Entropy

. Ed. Abner Shimony. Berkeley: University of California Press,

1977.

Changes in Empiricism

. Ed. Harold Morick. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co.,

1980.

 

Articles Published in German

:

"Der Raum: ein Beitrag zur Wissenschaftslehre. Kant-Studien 56 (1922).

"Über die Aufgabe der Physik und die Anwendung des Grundsatzes der Einfachsheit."

Kant-Studien 28 (1923): 90-107.

"Dreidimensionalität des Raumes und Kausalität." Annalen der Philosophie und

philosophischer Kritik 4 (1924): 105-30.

"Die alte und die neue Logik." Erkenntnis 1 (1930): 12-26.

"Einheitswissenschaft auf Physischer Basis." Erkenntnis 1 (1930): 77.

"Die logizistische Grundlegung der Mathematik." Erkenntnis 2 (1931): 91-105.

"Psychologie in physikalischer Sprache." Erkenntnis 2 (1932): 311.

"Überwindung der Metaphysik durch logische Analyse der Sprache." Erkenntnis 3 (1932): 219-41.

"Die physikalische Sprache als Universalsprache der Wissenschaft." Erkenntnis 2

(1932): 432-65.

"Die Sprache der Physik." Erkenntnis 2 (1932): 311.

"Erwiderung auf die vorstehenden Aufsätze von E. Zilsel und K. Duncker." Erkenntnis

3 (1932): 177-88.

"Über Protokollsätze." Erkenntnis 3 (1932): 215-28.

"Theoretische Fragen und praktische Entscheidungen." Natur und Geist 9 (1934):

257-60.

"Besprechung von Poppers Logik der Forschung." Erkenntnis 5 (1935): 290-4.

"Formalwissenschaft und Realwissenschaft." Erkenntnis 5 (1935): 30-7.

"Von der Erkenntnistheorie zur Wissenschaftslogik." Actes du Congrès International

de Philosophie Scientific, Paris, 1935. Actualités Scientifiques et Industrielles.

Paris: Hermann and Cie., 1936. 388.

"Wahrheit und Bewährung." Actes du Congrès International de Philosophie Scientific, Paris, 1935. Actualités Scientifiques et Industrielles. Paris: Hermann and Cie., 1936. 388.

"Über die Einheitssprache der der Wissenschaft. Logischer Bemerkungen zum

Projekt einer Enzyklopaedie." Actes du Congrès International de Philosophie Scientific, Paris, 1935. Actualités Scientifiques et Industrielles. Paris: Hermann and Cie., 1936. 389.

 

Articles Published in English

:

"Meaning, Assertion, and Proposal." Philosophy of Science 1 (1934): 359- 60.

"Testibility and Meaning (I)." Philosophy of Science 3 (1936): 419-471.

"Truth in Mathematics and Logic." The Journal of Symbolic Logic 1 (1936): 59.

"Testability and Meaning (II)." Philosophy of Science 4 (1937): 1-40.

"Logical Foundations of the Unity of Science." International Encyclopedia of Unified

Science Vol. I n. 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938.

"Empiricism and the Language of Science." Synthese (Unity of Science Forum). (1938): 33-5.

"On the Term ‘Analytic’ in Logical Syntax." The Journal of Symbolic Logic 5.4 (1940):

157-8.

"Replies and Systematic Expositions." The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Ed. Paul A. Schilpp. 1963. 859-1013.

"Intellectual Autobiography." The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Ed. Paul A. Schilpp.

1963. 3-84.

"A Few Words to Philopp Frank." Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Vol. II:

In Honor of Philipp Frank. Ed. Robert Cohen and Marx Wartofsky. Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Co. 1965.

"On the Character of Philosophical Problems." The Linguistic Turn. Ed. Richard Rorty, 1967. 54-62.

"Report on Mexican Philosophers." The Journal of Philosophy 67 (1970): 1026-29.

"The Old and the New Logic." Logical Postivism. Trans. Isaac Levi. Ed. Alfred Ayer, 1978. 133-46.

"Psychology in Physical Language." Logical Postivism. Trans. George Schick. Ed. Alfred Ayer, 1978. 165-98.

"The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language." Logical

Positivism. Trans. Arthur Pap. Ed. Alfred Ayer, 1978. 60-81.

"The Logicist Foundation of Mathematics." Philosophy of Mathematics. Selected

Readings. Trans. Edna Putnam and Gerald J. Massey. Ed. Paul Benacerraf and Hilary Putnam. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

"The Task of the Logic of Science." Unified Science. Trans. Hans Kaal. Ed. McGuinness, 1987. 46-66.

"On Protocol Sentences." Trans. R. Creath and R. Nollan. Nous 11 (1987): 457-75.

 

*Sources:

Cicera, Ramon. Carnap and the Vienna Circle. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1994.

 

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *