Below is a list of authors who were born or died in the month of August. For a list of the literary festivals and book fairs in August 2017, click here.
August 1, 1815 | Herman Melville
American author, writer of Moby Dick.
August 1, 1916 | Anne Hébert
Multi-award-winning French-Canadian novelist and playwright.
August 1, 1957 | Madison Smartt Bell
Nashville-born novelist and writer of short stories.
August 2, 1953 | James Baldwin
Harlem-born novelist, playwright, essayist. Author of I Am Not Your Negro.
August 2, 1949 | Bei Dao
Beijing-born poet, also known as Zhao Zhengkai.
August 3, 1920 | P. D. James
British writer, known for Children of Men and Death Comes to Pemberly.
August 3, 1921 | Hayden Carruth
American author and poet.
August 3, 1924 | Joseph Conrad
Polish-born British author, best known for Heart of Darkness and The Secret Agent.
August 4, 1792 | Percy Bysshe Shelley
English Romantic poet.
August 4, 1859 | Knut Hamsun
Norwegian novelist, winner of the 1920 Nobel Prize.
August 4, 1936 | Assia Djebar
Algerian poet, playwright, filmmaker, translator.
August 5, 1850 | Guy de Maupassant
French author, known for his mastery of the short story (and his hatred of the Eiffel Tower).
August 5, 1926 | Per Wahloo
One half of the "couple that invented Nordic noir".
August 6, 1809 | Alfred Lord Tennyson
English poet, author of The Charge of the Light Brigade.
August 6, 1934 | Piers Anthony
British science fiction writer.
August 7, 1942 | Garrison Keillor
American humourist, host of A Prairie Home Companion.
August 7, 1947 | Ann Beattie
Author of novels and short stories, recipient of the PEN award, among others.
August 8, 1952 | Valerie Sayers
American author of comic novels, short stories, and essays.
August 9, 1910 | Robert van Gulik
Best known for the Judge Dee historical mysteries, the protagonist of which he borrowed from an 18th-century Chinese detective novel.
August 9, 1927 | Daniel Keyes
American author, best known for Flowers for Algernon.
August 10, 1912 | Jorge Amado
Brazilian modernist writer, best known for Dona FlorandHer Two Husbands.
August 11, 1823 | Charlotte Mary Yonge
Prolific English novelist, her readers included Lewis Carroll, George Elliot, William Ewart Gladstone, and Alfred Lord Tennyson.
August 11, 1997 | Enid Blyton
English children's writer, author of the Famous Five, Secret Seven, and Noddy books.
August 11, 1921 | Alex Haley
American novelist, scriptwriter, author of Roots.
August 12, 1876 | Mary Roberts Rinehart
American writer of mystery stories, often considered America's answer to Agatha Christie (also considered the originator of the phrase "the butler did it").
August 12, 1931 | William Goldman
American author, known for The Princess Bride and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
August 14, 1932 | John Galsworthy
English novelist and winner of the 1932 Nobel Prize. Notable works include The Forsyte Saga.
August 14, 1925 | Russell Baker
Editorial writer for the New York Times, twice winner of the Pulitzer.
August 15, 1906 | William Milligan Sloane III
American science fiction, fantasy, and horror writer, best known for To Walk The Night.
August 15, 1785 | Thomas De Quincey
English essayist, noted for Confessions of an Opium Eater, often credited with starting the tradition of addiction literature.
August 15, 1888 | T. E. Lawrence
Welsh author of Lawrence of Arabia.
August 16, 1884 | Hugo Gernsback
Science fiction writer, the Hugo awards are named for him.
August 16, 1920 | Charles Bukowski
American poet, novelist, and short story writer.
August 17, 1930 | Ted Hughes
English poet and children's author, known for The Iron Man and his translations of Ovid.
August 18, 1912 | Elsa Morante
Italian author of novels, novellas, and short stories, best known for History.
August 20, 1890 | H. P. Lovecraft
American horror novelist, foundation for much of the cosmic horror genre.
August 22, 1893 | Dorothy Parker
American poet and short story writer. Known for her sharp sense of humour.
August 22, 1920 | Ray Bradbury
American science fiction writer, best known for Farenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles.
August 22, 1955 | Colm Tóibín
Irish critic, poet, and writer, known for his short stories and for the novel Brooklyn.
August 24, 1899 | Jorge Luis Borges
Argentinian author of novels, short stories, and essays, among the first writers of "magical realism".
August 24, 1890 | Jean Rhys
Author from the Caribbean island of Dominica, best known for Wide Sargasso Sea.
August 26, 1904 | Christopher Isherwood
English-American author, best known for his two-novella book The Berlin Stories.
August 26, 1914 | Julio Cortázar
Argentinian writer of novels, short stories, and essays. Considered one of the founders of the "Latin American Boom".
27 August 551BC | Confucius
Chinese writer, politician, teacher, and philosopher.
August 27, 1932 | Antonia Fraser
British author, known for her detective fiction and histories.
August 28, 1749 | Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
German writer of plays, poetry, and prose. Known for writing Faust.
August 28, 1828 | Leo Tolstoy
Russian author of serialised novels, best known for War & Peace.
August 28, 1952 | Rita Dove
American poet and first black Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress.
August 30, 1797 | Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
English writer of Gothic fiction, best known for Frankenstein.
Anniversaries of Authors' Deaths
August 2, 1988 | Raymond Carver
American author of short stories and poetry.
August 2, 1997 | William S. Burroughs
American author, best known for Naked Lunch.
August 3, 1964 | Flannery O'Connor
American author, best known for her Southern Gothic prose.
August 4, 1875 | Hans Christian Andersen
Danish author, best known for his children's stories, including The Ugly Duckling and The Fir Tree.
August 5, 1985 | Theodore Sturgeon
American science fiction author, largely of short stories. Known for Saucer of Loneliness and for Sturgeon's Law.
August 6, 2001 | Jorge Amado
Brazilian modernist author, best known for Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon.
August 8, 1965 | Shirley Jackson
American author, known for The Lottery.
August 9, 1941 | Mahmoud Darwish
Palestinian poet and author, considered Palestine's national poet.
August 11, 1937 | Edith Wharton
American author, winner of the Pulitzer in 1921 for The Age of Innocence (the first woman to win the prize).
August 12, 1964 | Ian Fleming
British author, best known for creating James Bond.
August 13, 1946 | H. G. Wells
English science fiction author, best known for The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine.
August 16, 1949 | Margaret Mitchell
American author, best known for Gone with the Wind, for which she won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937.
August 18, 1850 | Honoré de Balzac
French author, known for his coffee addiction.
August 22, 2012 | Nina Bawden
English author and children's writer, best known for The Birds on the Trees.
August 25, 1984 | Truman Capote
American author of novels and short stories, best known for In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffany's.
August 27, 2009 | Sergey Mikhalkov
Russian author and poet, known for his children's books and satirical fables.
August 28, 1995 | Michael Ende
German author of children's books, best known for The Neverending Story and Momo.
August 30, 2013 | Seamus Heaney
Irish poet and translator, winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature.
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Thomas Penson De Quincey (; 15 August 1785 – 8 December 1859) was an English essayist, best known for his Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1821). Many scholars suggest that in publishing this work De Quincey inaugurated the tradition of addiction literature in the West.
Life and work
Child and student
De Quincey was born at 86 Cross Street, Manchester, Lancashire. His father was a successful merchant with an interest in literature who died when he was quite young. Soon after his birth the family went to The Farm and then later to Greenheys, a larger country house in Chorlton-on-Medlock near Manchester. In 1796, three years after the death of his father, Thomas Quincey, his mother – the erstwhile Elizabeth Penson – took the name "De Quincey." In the same year, De Quincey's mother moved to Bath, Somerset, and enrolled him at King Edward's School.
De Quincey was a weak and sickly child. His youth was spent in solitude, and when his elder brother, William, came home, he wreaked havoc in the quiet surroundings. De Quincey's mother (who counted Hannah More amongst her friends) was a woman of strong character and intelligence, but seems to have inspired more awe than affection in her children. She brought them up strictly, taking De Quincey out of school after three years because she was afraid he would become big-headed, and sending him to an inferior school at Wingfield in Wiltshire. It is purported that at this time, in 1799, De Quincey first read Lyrical Ballads by Wordsworth and Coleridge.
In 1800, De Quincey, aged 15, was ready for the University of Oxford; his scholarship was far in advance of his years. "That boy," his master at Bath had said, "could harangue an Athenian mob better than you or I could address an English one." He was sent to Manchester Grammar School, in order that after three years' stay he might obtain a scholarship to Brasenose College, Oxford, but he took flight after 19 months.
His first plan had been to reach William Wordsworth, whose Lyrical Ballads (1798) had consoled him in fits of depression and had awakened in him a deep reverence for the poet. But for that De Quincey was too timid, so he made his way to Chester, where his mother dwelt, in the hope of seeing a sister; he was caught by the older members of the family, but, through the efforts of his uncle, Colonel Penson, received the promise of a guinea (£1.05) a week to carry out his later project of a solitary tramp through Wales. From July to November 1802, De Quincey lived as a wayfarer. He soon lost his guinea by ceasing to keep his family informed of his whereabouts, and had difficulty making ends meet. Still, apparently fearing pursuit, he borrowed some money and travelled to London, where he tried to borrow more. Having failed, he lived close to starvation rather than return to his family.
This deprived period left a profound mark upon De Quincey's psychology, and upon the writing he would later do; it forms a major and crucial part of the first section of the Confessions, and re-appears in various forms throughout the vast body of his lifetime literary work.
Discovered by chance by his friends, De Quincey was brought home and finally allowed to go to Worcester College, Oxford, on a reduced income. Here, we are told, "he came to be looked upon as a strange being who associated with no one." In 1804, while at Oxford, he began the occasional use of opium. He completed his studies, but failed to take the oral examination leading to a degree; he left the university without graduating. He became an acquaintance of Coleridge and Wordsworth, having already sought out Charles Lamb in London. His acquaintance with Wordsworth led to his settling in 1809 at Grasmere, in the Lake District. He lived for ten years in Dove Cottage, which Wordsworth had occupied and which is now a popular tourist attraction, and for another five years at Fox Ghyll near Rydal. De Quincey was married in 1816, and soon after, having no money left, he took up literary work in earnest.
His wife Margaret bore him eight children before her death in 1837. Three of De Quincey's daughters survived him. One of his sons, Paul Frederick de Quincey (1828–1894), emigrated to New Zealand.
In July 1818 De Quincey became editor of The Westmorland Gazette, a Tory newspaper published in Kendal, after its first editor had been dismissed. He was unreliable at meeting deadlines, and in June 1819 the proprietors complained about "their dissatisfaction with the lack of 'regular communication between the Editor and the Printer'", and he resigned in November 1819. De Quincey's political sympathies tended towards the right. He was "a champion of aristocratic privilege," reserved "Jacobin" as his highest term of opprobrium, held reactionary views on the Peterloo Massacre and the Sepoy rebellion, on Catholic Emancipation and the enfranchisement of the common people, and yet was also a staunch abolitionist on the issue of slavery.
Translator and essayist
In 1821 he went to London to dispose of some translations from German authors, but was persuaded first to write and publish an account of his opium experiences, which that year appeared in the London Magazine. This new sensation eclipsed Lamb's Essays of Elia, which were then appearing in the same periodical. The Confessions of an English Opium-Eater were soon published in book form. De Quincey then made literary acquaintances. Thomas Hood found the shrinking author "at home in a German ocean of literature, in a storm, flooding all the floor, the tables and the chairs – billows of books …" De Quincey was famous for his conversation; Richard Woodhouse wrote of the "depth and reality, as I may so call it, of his knowledge … His conversation appeared like the elaboration of a mine of results …"
From this time on De Quincey maintained himself by contributing to various magazines. He soon exchanged London and the Lakes for Edinburgh, the nearby village of Polton, and Glasgow; he spent the remainder of his life in Scotland. In the 1830s he is listed as living at 1 Forres Street, a large townhouse on the edge of the Moray Estate in Edinburgh.
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine and its rival Tait's Magazine received numerous contributions. Suspiria de Profundis (1845) appeared in Blackwood's, as did The English Mail-Coach (1849). Joan of Arc (1847) was published in Tait's. Between 1835 and 1849, Tait's published a series of De Quincey's reminiscences of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Robert Southey and other figures among the Lake Poets – a series that taken together constitutes one of his most important works.
Along with his opium addiction, debt was one of the primary constraints of De Quincey's adult life. He pursued journalism as the one way available to him to pay his bills; and without financial need it is an open question how much writing he would ever have done.
De Quincey came into his patrimony at the age of 21, when he received £2,000 from his late father's estate. He was unwisely generous with his funds, making loans that could not or would not be repaid, including a £300 loan to Coleridge in 1807. After leaving Oxford without a degree, he made an attempt to study law, but desultorily and unsuccessfully; he had no steady income and spent large sums on books (he was a lifelong collector). By the 1820s he was constantly in financial difficulties. More than once in his later years, De Quincey was forced to seek protection from arrest in the debtors' sanctuary of Holyrood in Edinburgh. (At the time, Holyrood Park formed a debtors' sanctuary; people could not be arrested for debt within those bounds. The debtors who took sanctuary there could only emerge on Sundays, when arrests for debt were not allowed.) Yet De Quincey's money problems persisted; he got into further difficulties for debts he incurred within the sanctuary.
His financial situation improved only later in his life. His mother's death in 1846 brought him an income of £200 per year. When his daughters matured, they managed his budget more responsibly than he ever had himself.
A number of medical practitioners have speculated on the physical ailments that inspired and underlay De Quincey's resort to opium, and searched the corpus of his autobiographical works for evidence. One possibility is "a mild … case of infantile paralysis" that he may have contracted from Wordsworth's children. De Quincey certainly had intestinal problems, and problems with his vision – which could have been related: "uncorrected myopic astigmatism … manifests itself as digestive problems in men." De Quincey also suffered neuralgic facial pain, "trigeminal neuralgia" – "attacks of piercing pain in the face, of such severity that they sometimes drive the victim to suicide."
As with many addicts, De Quincey's opium addiction may have had a "self-medication" aspect for real physical illnesses, as well as a psychological aspect.
By his own testimony, De Quincey first used opium in 1804 to relieve his neuralgia; he used it for pleasure, but no more than weekly, through 1812. It was in 1813 that he first commenced daily usage, in response to illness and his grief over the death of Wordsworth's young daughter Catherine. During 1813–1819 his daily dose was very high, and resulted in the sufferings recounted in the final sections of his Confessions. For the rest of his life his opium use fluctuated between extremes; he took "enormous doses" in 1843, but late in 1848 he went for 61 days with none at all. There are many theories surrounding the effects of opium on literary creation, and notably, his periods of low usage were literarily unproductive.
He died in Edinburgh and is buried in St Cuthbert's Churchyard at the west end of Princes Street. His stone, in the southwest section of the churchyard on a west facing wall, is plain and says nothing of his work.
During the final decade of his life, De Quincey laboured on a collected edition of his works.Ticknor and Fields, a Boston publishing house, first proposed such a collection, and solicited De Quincey's approval and co-operation. It was only when De Quincey, a chronic procrastinator, failed to answer repeated letters from James Thomas Fields that the American publisher proceeded independently, reprinting the author's works from their original magazine appearances. Twenty-two volumes of De Quincey's Writings were issued from 1851 to 1859.
The existence of the American edition prompted a corresponding British edition. Since the spring of 1850 De Quincey had been a regular contributor to an Edinburgh periodical called Hogg's Weekly Instructor whose publisher, James Hogg, undertook to publish Selections Grave and Gay from Writings Published and Unpublished by Thomas De Quincey. De Quincey edited and revised his works for the Hogg edition; the 1856 second edition of the Confessions was prepared for inclusion in Selections Grave and Gay…. The first volume of that edition appeared in May 1853, and the fourteenth and last in January 1860, a month after the author's death.
Both of these were multi-volume collections, yet made no pretense to be complete. Scholar and editor David Masson attempted a more definitive collection: The Works of Thomas De Quincey appeared in fourteen volumes in 1889 and 1890. Yet De Quincey's writings were so voluminous and widely dispersed that further collections followed: two volumes of The Uncollected Writings (1890), and two volumes of Posthumous Works (1891–93). De Quincey's 1803 diary was published in 1927. Yet another volume, New Essays by De Quincey, appeared in 1966.
His immediate influence extended to Edgar Allan Poe, Fitz Hugh Ludlow, Charles Baudelaire and Nikolai Gogol, but even major 20th-century writers such as Jorge Luis Borges admired and claimed to be partly influenced by his work. Berlioz also loosely based his Symphonie fantastique on Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, drawing on the theme of the internal struggle with one's self.
Main article: Thomas De Quincey bibliography
- ^de quincey. Dictionary.com. Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/de_quincey (accessed: 29 June 2013).
- ^Ainsworth, Horace Eaton, Thomas De Quincey: A Biography, New York, Oxford University Press, 1936; reprinted New York, Octagon Books, 1972;
- ^Lindop, GrevelThe Opium-Eater: A Life of Thomas De Quincey, London, J. M. Dent & Sons, 1981.
- ^Morrison, Robert. "De Quincey's Wicked Book." OUP Blog. Oxford University Press, 2013. http://blog.oup.com/2013/02/de-quinceys-confessions-english-opium-eater/
- ^The later building on the site (adjoining John Dalton Street) bears a stone inscription referring to de Quincey.
- ^ abcMorrison, Robert. "Thomas De Quincey: Chronology." TDQ Homepage. Kingston: Queen's University, 2013. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- ^Eaton, pp. 1–40; Lindop, pp. 2–43.
- ^Morrison, Robert. "Thomas De Quincey: Biography." TDQ Homepage. Kingston: Queen's University, 2013. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 May 2007. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- ^Lindop, pp. 25, 46–62 and ff.
- ^Eaton, pp. 57–87.
- ^Eaton, pp. 106–29.
- ^"Nomination for the English Lake District Cultural Landscape: An Evolving Masterpiece"(PDF) (PDF). Lake District National Park Partnership. 20 May 2015. p. 39. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- ^Eaton, pp. 255–308.
- ^"Death of Colonel de Quincey". The New Zealand Herald. XXXI (9486). 16 April 1894. p. 5. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- ^Liukkonen, Petri. "Thomas De Quincey". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014.
- ^Lindop, Grevel (September 2004). "Quincey, Thomas Penson De (1785–1859)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 4 July 2010. Online edition available by subscription
- ^Purdon, James (6 December 2009). "The English Opium Eater by Robert Morrison". The Guardian. London.
- ^Confessions was first published in London Magazine in 1821. It was published in book form the following year. (Morrison, Robert. "Thomas De Quincey: Chronology." TDQ Homepage. Kingston: Queen's University, 2013. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013. )
- ^Lindop. pp. 259–60.
- ^Eaton, pp. 280.
- ^Eaton, pp. 309–33 and ff.
- ^"Edinburgh Post Office annual directory, 1832-1833". National Library of Scotland. p. 153. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
- ^Thomas De Quincey, Recollections of the Lakes and the Lake Poets, David Wright, ed., New York, Penguin Books, 1970.
- ^Lindop, pp. 246, 255, 257, 269, 271 and ff., especially 319-39.
- ^Lindop, pp. 310–11; Eaton, pp. 342–3.
- ^"A Parliament for a People..."(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- ^Eaton, p. 372.
- ^Eaton, pp. 429–30.
- ^C. H. Hendricks, cited in: Judson S. Lyon, Thomas De Quincey, New York, Twayne Publishers, 1969; p. 57.
- ^George M. Gould, cited in Lyon, p. 55.
- ^Philip Sandblom, Creativity and Disease, Seventh Edition, New York, Marion Boyars, 1992; p. 49.
- ^Lyon, pp. 57–8.
- ^Alethea Hayter, Opium and the Romantic Imagination, revised edition, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, Crucible, 1988; pp. 229–31.
- ^Eaton, pp. 469–82.
- ^Eaton, p. 472.
- ^Eaton, p. 525.
- Abrams, M.H. (1971). Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature. New York: Norton.
- Agnew, Lois Peters (2012). Thomas De Quincey: British Rhetoric's Romantic Turn. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
- Barrell, John (1991). The Infection of Thomas De Quincey. New Have: Yale University Press.
- Bate, Jonathan (1993). "The Literature of Power: Coleridge and De Quincey." In: Coleridge’s Visionary Languages. Bury St. Edmonds: Brewer, pp. 137–50.
- Baxter, Edmund (1990). De Quincey's Art of Autobiography. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
- Berridge, Virginia and Griffith Edwards (1981). Opium and the People: Opiate Use in Nineteenth-century England. London: Allen Lane.
- Clej, Alina (1995). A Genealogy of the Modern Self: Thomas De Quincey and the Intoxication of Writing. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
- De Luca, V.A. (1980). Thomas De Quincey: The Prose of Vision. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
- Devlin, D.D. (1983). De Quincey, Wordsworth and the Art of Prose. London: Macmillan.
- Goldman, Albert (1965). The Mine and the Mint: Sources for the Writings of Thomas De Quincey. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
- Le Gallienne, Richard (1898). "Introduction." In: The Opium Eater and Essays. London: Ward, Lock & Co., pp. vii–xxv.
- McDonagh, Josephine (1994). De Quincey's Disciplines. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- North, Julian (1997). De Quincey Reviewed: Thomas De Quincey’s Critical Reception, 1821-1994. London: Camden House.
- Oliphant, Margaret (1877). "The Opium-Eater,"Blackwood's Magazine, Vol. 122, pp. 717–41.
- Roberts, Daniel S. (2000). Reviosionary Gleam: De Quincey, Coleridge and the High Romantic Argument. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
- Russett, Margaret (1997). De Quincey’s Romanticism: Canonical Minority and the Forms of Transmission. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Rzepka, Charles (1995). Sacramental Commodities: Gift, Text and the Sublime in De Quincey. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
- Saintsbury, George (1923). "De Quincey." In: The Collected Essays and Papers, Vol. 1. London: Dent, pp. 210–38.
- Snyder, Robert Lance, ed. (1985). Thomas De Quincey: Bicentenary Studies. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
- Stephen, Leslie (1869). "The Decay of Murder,"The Cornhill Magazine, Vol. 20, pp. 722–33.
- Stirling, James Hutchison (1867). "De Quincey and Coleridge Upon Kant,"Fortnightly Review, Vol. 8, pp. 377–97.
- Frances, Wilson (2016). Guilty Thing: A Life of Thomas De Quincey. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. New York. ISBN 978-0-374-16730-1
- Wellek, René (1944). "De Quincey’s Status in the History of Ideas,” Philological Quarterly, Vol. 23, pp. 248–72.
- Woodhouse, Richard (1885). "Notes of Conversation with Thomas De Quincey." In: Confessions of an English Opium-Eater. London: Kegan Paul, pp. 191–233.
- Thomas De Quincey Homepage, maintained by Dr Robert Morrison
- Works by Thomas De Quincey at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Thomas De Quincey at Internet Archive
- Works by Thomas De Quincey at Hathi Trust
- Works by Thomas De Quincey at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Works by Thomas De Quincey at Open Library
- Thomas De Quincey elibrary PDFs of Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, On Murder Considered as One of the Fine Arts, and The Literature of Knowledge and the Literature of Power
- "The fascinating life of an English writer, essayist and 'opium eater'", Michael Dirda, Washington Post, 30 December 2010
- "Drugs and Words", Laura Marsh, The New Republic, 15 February 2011.
- Archival material at Leeds University Library