|National Youth Day|
|Significance||Birthday of Swami Vivekananda|
|Next time||12 January 2019 (2019-01-12)|
National Youth Day is celebrated in India on 12 January on the birthday of Swami Vivekananda. In 1984 the Government of India declared the day as the National Youth Day and since 1985 the event is celebrated in India every year.
It was a great decision of Government of India taken in the year, 1984 to celebrate the birthday of great Swami Vivekananda i.e. 12th January as a National Youth Day every year. As the Government of India had quoted and realized that ' the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth.'
On 12 January 2013, Former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh told in his address at the inauguration of four-year-long celebrations of Swami Vivekananda's 150th birth anniversary— 
What Gandhiji said captures the great importance of spreading Swami Vivekananda's ideas and ideals among the youth in our country today. He personified the eternal energy of the youth and their restless quest for truth. It is entirely fitting that the Government of India has declared 12th January, the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, as National Youth Day. We must work to rekindle the eternal message of this great patriot and son of India.
Celebration and activities
The National Youth Day is observed all over India at schools and colleges, with processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, Yogasanas, presentations, competitions in essay-writing, recitations and sports on 12 January every year. Swami Vivekananda's lectures and writings, deriving their inspiration from Indian spiritual tradition and the broad outlook of his Master Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, are the source of inspiration and have motivated numerous youth organizations, study circles and service projects involving the youth.
From the historical to the fantastic, France has amazing festivals on offer throughout the year – here are our top 10 picks.
If you're living in France, take the time to explore the small towns and the big cities alike as they celebrate French history and myth with spectacular festivals. There's no better time to learn the smaller idiosyncrasies of local French culture than during the burst of a colourful festival. France's top festivals celebrate everything from kites to citrus fruit to opera to lights. Immerse yourself in French culture with this pick of top 10 French festivals.
1. Berck Sur Mer Kite Festival
Giant pigs (and crabs, whales, lizards and assorted cartoon figures) really might fly in the skies high above the vast expanses of sand at the Berck-Sur-Mer International Kite Festival.Wrap up warm and get yourself a good place on the sand dunes to watch experts from all over the world compete against the wind and each other.
2. Menton Lemon Festival
For two weeks every spring, oranges and lemons take over the city of Menton, the Cité des Citrons (City of Lemons). There are parades of fruit-covered floats by day and by night, with 10-metre high statues and models made from citrus in the Biovès Gardens. You can buy locally made drinks, jams, soaps, perfumes – all made from lemons, of course.
3. Festival(s) of Avignon
Watch a French or world premiere of a new musical or theatrical production in the historic courtyard of the Pope’s Palace and elsewhere in the city of Avignon. The Festival of Avignon is known as the ‘IN’ because another Festival of Avignon, known as the ‘OFF’, which is an alternative festival of independent theatre companies runs alongside it.
www.festival-avignon.com | www.avignonleoff.com
4. Bastille Day in Paris – July 14
July 14 (le quatorze Juillet) is the biggest and most important festival in France. It celebrates the storming of the Bastille (la Prise de la Bastille) and the beginning of the French Revolution (la Révolution Française) with a massive parade (le défilé), fireman’s balls, free concerts and, at the Eiffel Tower, some of the best fireworks (le feu d’artifice) you’ll ever see. For the best view of the fireworks (and atmosphere) go early to the Trocadéro gardens, the Parc de Belleville, the Champ de Mars or for a bird’s eye view, the Sacré Cœur or Montparnasse Tower. You can also adopt a few French vocabulary for the day, such as Vive la France (long live France) and Bonne fête! (happy holiday).
5. Cannes Film Festival
Film buffs will want to head down to the world’s most famous film festival where actors and directors show their newest films and compete for the prestigious award the Palme d’Or. Most screenings are invitation only but don’t be too despondent as there are plenty of opportunities for red carpet star-spotting – and there’s the Cinéma de la Plage, a huge open-air cinema on the beach showing Out of Competition films and Cannes classics. Buy tickets from Cannes Tourist office.
6. Nice carnival
The Carnival King will show fans 'he has more than one string to his bow' promises the event campaign, as this year's theme of the spectacular French mardi gras is ‘King of Media’. Join 600,000 other revellers and party in the streets of Nice.
7. Chorégies d’Orange
This Roman theatre in the city of Orange, with its semi-circular tired stone seating and acoustic stone stage wall, must be one of the world’s best settings in which to enjoy al fresco opera. Every summer the festival puts on a programme of well and lesser-known productions starring international opera stars. Even if you’re not an opera fan, it’s an experience not to be missed.
8. Festival Medieval de Sedan
The castle is known as the giant of Sedan for good reason – it’s the largest medieval castle in Europe, at 35,000sqm set over seven floors (expect lots of stairs) – and where the Sedan Medieval Festival takes place every May. Find out what life was like back in medieval times: think knights, archery, jousting, swords, banquets, wrestling and more.
9. La Fête de la Musique
There’s music in the air throughout France on the day of the summer solstice June 21. La Fête de la Musique is a celebration of all genres of music, performed on the streets, in bars and restaurants, museums, concert halls and parks by professionals and amateurs alike – and it’s completely free. Take part if you play an instrument or sing, or just watch and enjoy.
10. Festival of Lights
For four days at the beginning of December, the city of Lyon becomes the city of lights – a truly magical sight. There are thousands of flickering candles in windows and on balconies, the city’s buildings and bridges are lit up with multi-coloured lights and there are light installations by artists from all over the world. Come prepared for crowds; it’s said that the festival draws up to four million over the four days.
For more information
Read more on these festivals and other festivals and public holidays in France in Expatica's guides to top French festivals and French regional and national public holidays.
Photo credit: Fabien Agon (thumbnail), © www.feteducitron.com via Office de Tourisme Menton (Fete du Citron), Vince11111 (Bastille Day), Mark Fischer (Nice Carnival, Bataille des Fleurs), Clelie Mascaret (Festival Medieval de Sedan).