Dugald Stewart Philosophical Essays

Publication date 1854

Topics Smith, Adam, 1723-1790, Robertson, William, 1721-1793, Reid, Thomas, 1710-1796

PublisherEdinburgh : T. & T. Clark

Collectioncornell; americana

Digitizing sponsorMSN

ContributorCornell University Library

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Vol. 11 supplementary

v. 1. Dissertation: exhibiting the progress of metaphysical, ethical, and political philosophy, since the revival of letters in Europe. 1854 .--v. 2-4. Elements of the philosophy of the human mind ... To which is prefixed introduction and part first of the Outlines of moral philosophy. 1854.--v. 5. Philosophical essays. 1855.--v. 6-7. The philosophy of the active and moral powers of man ... To which is prefixed part second of the Outlines of moral philosophy. 1855.--v. 8-9. Lectures on political economy ... To which is prefixed part third of the Outlines of moral philosophy. 1855-56.--v. 10. Biographical memoirs of Adam Smith, William Robertson, Thomas Reid. To which is prefixed a Memoir of Dugald Stewart, with selections from his correspondence. By J. Veitch. 1858.--v. 11. Translations of the passages in foreign languages contained in the collected works of Dugald Stewart. With general index. 1860

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Dugald Stewart, (born Nov. 22, 1753, Edinburgh, Scot.—died June 11, 1828, Edinburgh), philosopher and major exponent of the Scottish “common sense” school of philosophy.

Educated at the University of Edinburgh, where his father was professor of mathematics, Stewart began teaching there when he was 19. In 1775 he took over his father’s chair and 10 years later was appointed professor of moral philosophy, a position he held until 1820.

As a student, Stewart had come under the influence of the works of the Scottish realist Thomas Reid, particularly An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense (1764). Stewart, like Reid, held that philosophy should be a scientific discipline unfettered by metaphysical speculations and categories, though he objected to some of Reid’s formulations of his new science of mind. Stewart’s affinity for the scientific approach to philosophical problems is reflected in his mathematics career, and he often made analogies between the axioms of mathematics and the laws that govern human thinking.

Stewart’s major work is Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, 3 vol. (1792, 1814, and 1827). His other works, which fill an 11-volume edition (1854–58), include Outlines of Moral Philosophy (1793), Philosophical Essays (1810), and Philosophy of the Active and Moral Powers of Man (1828).

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